PUB-2013-ULD

Ultraviolet Laser Deposition of Graphene Thin Films Without Catalytic Sacrificial Layers

S.R.S Kumar and H.N. Alshareef, “Ultraviolet Laser Deposition of Graphene Thin Films Without Catalytic Sacrificial Layers”
Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 012110 (2013)
​S.R.S Kumar and H.N. Alshareef
Graphene Thin Films
2013
In this letter, the formation of nanostructured graphene by ultraviolet laser ablation of a highly ordered pyrolytic graphite target under optimized conditions is demonstrated, without a catalyticlayer, and a model for the growth process is proposed. Previously, graphene film deposition by low-energy laser (2.3 eV) was explained by photo-thermal models, which implied that graphene films cannot be deposited by laser energies higher than the C-C bond energy in highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (3.7 eV). Here, we show that nanostructured graphene films can in fact bedeposited using ultraviolet laser (5 eV) directly over different substrates, without a catalytic layer. The formation of graphene is explained by bond-breaking assisted by photoelectronic excitation leading to formation of carbon clusters at the target and annealing out of defects at the substrate.