PUB-2015-HSS

Highly Stable Supercapacitors with Conducting Polymer Core-Shell Electrodes for Energy Storage Applications

Chuan Xia, Wei Chen, Xianbin Wang, Mohamed N. Hedhili, Nini  WeI, Husam N. Alshareef, "Highly Stable Supercapacitors with Conducting Polymer Core-Shell Electrodes for Energy Storage Applications" 
Adv. Energy Mater. ​2015. 1401805; Inside Cover Page
Chuan Xia, Wei Chen, Xianbin Wang, Mohamed N. Hedhili, Nini WeI, Husam N. Alshareef
core–shell structures;cycling stability;polyaniline nanofiber arrays;ruthenium dioxide;ultrahigh power density
2015
Conducting polymers such as polyaniline (PAni) show a great potential as pseudocapacitor materials for electrochemical energy storage applications. Yet, the cycling instability of PAni resulting from structural alteration is a major hurdle to its commercial application. Here, the development of nanostructured PAni–RuO2 core–shell arrays as electrodes for highly stable pseudocapacitors with excellent energy storage performance is reported. A thin layer of RuO2 grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD) on PAni nanofibers plays a crucial role in stabilizing the PAni pseudocapacitors and improving their energy density. The pseudocapacitors, which are based on optimized PAni–RuO2 core–shell nanostructured electrodes, exhibit very high specific capacitance (710 F g−1 at 5 mV s−1) and power density (42.2 kW kg−1) at an energy density of 10 Wh kg−1. Furthermore, they exhibit remarkable capacitance retention of ≈88% after 10 000 cycles at very high current density of 20 A g−1, superior to that of pristine PAni-based pseudocapacitors. This prominently enhanced electrochemical stability successfully demonstrates the buffering effect of ALD coating on PAni, which provides a new approach for the preparation of metal-oxide/conducting polymer hybrid electrodes with excellent electrochemical performance.