PUB-2016-SBO

Supercapacitors based on two dimensional VO2 nanosheet electrodes in organic gel electrolyte

R.B. Rakhia, D.H. Nagarajua, Pierre Beaujugea, H.N. Alshareef; "Supercapacitors based on two dimensional VO2 nanosheet electrodes in organic gel electrolyte"
​Electrochimica Acta; 220 (2016) 601–608​
R.B. Rakhia, D.H. Nagarajua, Pierre Beaujugea, H.N. Alshareef
VO2 nanosheets; Flexible Supercapacitor; Energy density; Specific capacitance
2016
​VO2 is a low band-gap semiconductor with relatively high conductivity among transition metal oxides, which makes it an interesting material for supercapacitor electrode applications. The performance of VO2 as supercapacitor electrode in organic electrolytes has never been reported before. Herein, twodimensional nanosheets of VO2 are prepared by the simultaneous solution reduction and exfoliation from bulk V2O5 powder by hydrothermal method. A specific capacitance of 405 Fg1 is achieved for VO2 based supercapacitor in an organic electrolyte, in three electrode configuration. The symmetric capacitor based on VO2 nanosheet electrodes and the liquid organic electrolyte exhibits an energy density of 46Wh kg1 at a power density of 1.4 kWkg1 at a constant current density of 1 Ag1 . Furthermore, flexible solid-state supercapacitors are fabricated using same electrode material and Alumina-silica based gel electrolyte. The solid-state device delivers a specific capacitance of 145 Fg1 and a device capacitance of 36 Fg1 at a discharge current density of 1 Ag1 . Series combination of three solid state capacitors is capable of lighting up a red LED for more than 1 minute.