PUB-2018-HSA

Highly Stable Aqueous Zinc-Ion Storage Using Layered Calcium Vanadium Oxide Bronze Cathode

"Chuan Xia, Jing Guo, Dr. Peng Li, Prof. Xixiang Zhang, Prof. Husam N. Alshareef" Highly Stable Aqueous Zinc-Ion Storage Using Layered Calcium Vanadium Oxide Bronze Cathode
​​Angew. Chem., DOI: 10.1002/ange.201713291​
Chuan Xia, Jing Guo, Dr. Peng Li, Prof. Xixiang Zhang, Prof. Husam N. Alshareef
batteries; calcium vanadium oxide bronze; electrode materials; intercalation; zinc
2018
Cost-effective aqueous rechargeable batteries are attractive alternatives to non-aqueous cells for stationary grid energy storage. Among different aqueous cells, zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs), based on Zn2+ intercalation chemistry, stand out as they can employ high-capacity Zn metal as the anode material. Herein, we report a layered calcium vanadium oxide bronze as the cathode material for aqueous Zn batteries. For the storage of the Zn2+ ions in the aqueous electrolyte, we demonstrate that the calcium-based bronze structure can deliver a high capacity of 340 mA h g−1 at 0.2 C, good rate capability, and very long cycling life (96 % retention after 3000 cycles at 80 C). Further, we investigate the Zn2+ storage mechanism, and the corresponding electrochemical kinetics in this bronze cathode. Finally, we show that our Zn cell delivers an energy density of 267 W h kg−1 at a power density of 53.4 W kg−1.